Web Parts are rectangular areas of HTML content. We can provide information to the users using Web Parts. The history of Web Parts starts from year 2000 in the name Digital Dashboard. Later it evolved as Web Parts and includes support in SharePoint Designer and Visual Studio. We can use the existing web parts or build custom web parts for SharePoint.
SharePoint 2010 contains inbuilt web parts and provides custom web part integration facilities. Web Parts provides set of controls to display, modify, and configure the contents.
Example of Web Part
Adding a WebPart
For starting with open our site collection using the url.
We can start by adding an image WebPart to the main page. Click on the left top menu Site Actions > Edit Page option.
On the appearing screen below, click on the first Add a Web Part button.
The following options appears:
Select Media and Content from the first pane and Image Viewer from the second pane and click the Add button. Now the Web Parts gets added into the page.
Use the open the tool pane option and enter an image url inside it, then click the Apply button.
Now click the Stop Editiong button from the ribbon menu.
Now you are ready with the main page with an image as shown below.
Editing a Web Part
We can edit a web part by logging in as a user with permissions to edit and using the Edit Web Part option from the right side context menu of the web part.
Deleting a Web Part
To delete an existing Web Part, use the Edit Web Part option from the context menu.
Then use the Delete option again from the Web Part context menu.
Now the Web Part gets deleted.
Using List Web Parts
We can use List Web Parts to show the custom Lists made inside SharePoint. Use the Add web part option to locate the Lists and Libraries category as shown below:
There we can locate the custom List created inside SharePoint. The List Web Part allows us to add the List to other sites through web parts.
Silverlight Web Part
Another notable feature in SharePoint 2010 is the Silverlight web part. Using the Silverlight web part we can now host silverlight applications inside SharePoint. The XAP files needed to be located for the web part.
To add a silverlight web part use the Media and Content category from the Add Web Part dialog as shown below:
Web Part Galleries
The Web Part Gallery provides a view on the installed web parts for a site collection. You can access this window from Site Settings > Galleries > Web Parts.
On clicking the above link you can see the page as shown below:
We can create our custom web part and deploy it to the SharePoint server. These topics are discussed in advanced chapters. The web parts will be having extension .dwp expanding as Dashboard Web Part.
In this article we have explored the Web Part feature, Adding/Editing/Deleting Web Parts, Silverlight Web Part, Web Part Galleries etc.
The key points of web parts would be:
· A rectangular area of HTML content
· Flexible piece of Functionality
· Users can manage adding/deleting web parts
· Custom web part creation is possible